Definition of Excommunicated:
- "Irish Race in the Past and the Present", Aug. J. Thebaud.
- "Our Legal Heritage, 4th Ed.", S. A. Reilly.
It was not till they found their presence shunned by every one as excommunicated persons that they were induced to take a journey to Rome, to throw themselves at the feet of the pontiff, and to submit to the penances imposed upon them: after which they continued to possess, without molestation, their honours and fortunes, and seemed even to have recovered the countenance and good opinion of the public.- "The History of England, Volume I", David Hume.