Definition of Gouging:
And at any time, if you happened to be near the river when a crowd were arriving or departing, your ears would be regaled with a choice chorus of threats, of which ear- splitting, eye- gouging, cow- hiding, and the application of revolvers were the mildest.- "Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands", Mary Seacole Commentator: W. H. Russell.
They were represented as a gigantic, gunpowder race of men, exceedingly expert at boxing, biting, gouging, and other branches of the rough- and- tumble mode of warfare, which they had learned from their prototypes and cousins- german the Virginians, to whom they have ever borne considerable resemblance.- "Knickerbocker's History of New York, Complete", Washington Irving.
He started to raise his right arm, but a twinge of pain reminded him that the stump was bound, so he raised his left and cried: " And I tell you, Laura- that's what I'm on earth to fight- the whole infernal system of pocket- picking and poor- robbing, and public gouging that we permit under the profit system."- "In the Heart of a Fool", William Allen White.