Definition of hortatory:
- "Brief History of English and American Literature", Henry A. Beers.
- "Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions. Vol. 2", Ernst Hengstenberg.
In earlier youth he had been a professor of rhetoric; after his conversion in mature life, he gave up all his wealth to the poor, and devoted his great literary gifts to apologetic and hortatory writings.- "Latin Literature", J. W. Mackail.