discomfort, encouragement, irritation, innervation, exhortation, soreness, boost, stimulant, temper, pain, goad, yeast, excitement, feelings, aggravation, momentum, challenge, excitation, incitation, bothering, pestering, attack, defiance, incitement, annoying, spur, botheration.
cause (part of speech: noun)
aggravation (part of speech: noun)
causes (part of speech: noun)
motivation (part of speech: noun)
motive (part of speech: noun)
You have insulted Herr Pigglewitch without provocation;
this I will not permit.
- "Quicksands", Adolph Streckfuss.
I think it maun be that, haein' nae feelin's o' my ain, I hae ower muckle regaird to ither fowk's, an' sae I never likit to pit her awa' wi'oot doonricht provocation.
- "Malcolm", George MacDonald.
He had on provocation
and in spite of her mother's protests slapped her pretty vigorously, but such things are better forgotten; nor did he recall how bitterly he had opposed the college education which had made her now so clear in eye and thought, nor the frightful shindy, only three months since, about that identical green dress in which she now stood delightful.
- "Marriage", H. G. Wells.