Definition of zemstvo :
In Russia, an elective local district and provincial administrative assembly. Originally it was composed of representatives elected by the peasantry, the householders of the towns, and the landed proprietors. In the reign of Alexander III. the power of the noble landowners was increased, the peasants allowed only to elect candidates from whom the governor of the province nominated the deputy, and all acts of the zemstvo subjected to the approval of the governor. Theoretically the zemstvo has large powers relating to taxation, education, public health, etc., but practically these powers are in most cases limited to the adjustment of the state taxation.
- I was at a meeting of the Zemstvo Council at Sezpukhovo. - "Note-Book of Anton Chekhov", Anton Pavlovich Chekhov.
- I soon grew accustomed to the idea that during the day Lida received patients, gave out books, and often went into the village with a parasol and no hat, and in the evening talked aloud of the Zemstvo and schools. - "The Darling and Other Stories", Anton Chekhov.
- " Lida could only fall in love with a member of the Zemstvo, as devoted to schools and hospitals as she is," I said. - "The Darling and Other Stories", Anton Chekhov.