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Definition of geology:

  1. A treatise on the science.
  2. The science which treats: ( a) Of the structure and mineral constitution of the globe; structural geology. ( b) Of its history as regards rocks, minerals, rivers, valleys, mountains, climates, life, etc.; historical geology. ( c) Of the causes and methods by which its structure, features, changes, and conditions have been produced; dynamical geology. See Chart of The Geological Series.

Synonyms:

deposition, volcanology, formation, carve, selenology, geologist, hydrology, erode, petrology, geochemistry, physiography, deposit, geophysics, epoch, geological formation, mineralogy, historical geology, oil geology, paleontology, seismology, mining geology, erosion, structural geology, applied geology, geological, tectonics.

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