Definition of utilitarianism:
- The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the end and aim of all social and political institutions.
- The doctrine that utility is the sole standard of morality, so that the rectitude of an action is determined by its usefulness.
- The doctrine that virtue is founded in utility, or that virtue is defined and enforced by its tendency to promote the highest happiness of the universe.
Cicero had made it fashionable among many of his countrymen; and although the Latin mind, always practical to the verge of utilitarianism, was not congenial to utopian speculations, still, as it was the fashion, all intellectual men felt the need of becoming sufficiently acquainted with it to be able to speak of it and even to embrace some particular school.- "Irish Race in the Past and the Present", Aug. J. Thebaud.
- "The Other Girls", Mrs. A. D. T. Whitney.
It must be confessed that this introduced a suspicion of utilitarianism into the beneficence, girls at that time being considered of less advantage to the State than their brothers; but Antoninus, who was a man of peace and who would have much liked to be able to dispense with the army, in honor of his wife increased the number of girls on the lists for support; while on the death of the second Faustina, Marcus Aurelius followed his predecessor's example.- "Roman Women Woman: In All Ages and in All Countries, Volume 2 (of 10)", Alfred Brittain.